Cross border operations are characterized by services being provided across EU member states, either directly from the home member state in which the service provider is domiciled or by branch establishment in a host member state. Payment institutions and investments firms may also provide services through the use of tied agents operating on their behalf. Tied agents to investment firms are subject to specific service limitations.
The operations of Norwegian investment firms in other EU member states is regulated by the Securities Trading Act section 9-32 and 9-33. The operations of foreign EU investment firms in Norway is regulated by the Securities Trading Act section 9-34.